Biogas systems are renewable energy systems that convert organic matter, such as animal manure, food waste, and crop residues, into biogas through a process called anaerobic digestion. Biogas is a mixture of primarily methane and carbon dioxide, which can be used as a fuel for heating, cooking, and electricity generation.
Biogas systems typically consist of a digester, where the organic matter is broken down by bacteria in an oxygen-free environment, and a gas storage and distribution system. The digester can be designed to operate at different temperatures and with different feedstocks, depending on the specific application.
Biogas systems have several benefits, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions from organic waste, providing a source of renewable energy, and producing a nutrient-rich fertilizer as a byproduct. They can be used on farms, in wastewater treatment plants, and in other settings where organic waste is generated.